iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Analysis of canopy temperature depression between tropical rainforest and rubber plantation in Southwest China

Say Tay Zar Myo (1-2-3), Yiping Zhang (1)   , Qing-Hai Song (1), Yun Deng (4), Xuehai Fei (1), Ruiwu Zhou (1-2), Youxing Lin (1-2), Liguo Zhou (1-2), Peng Zhang (1-2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 12, Issue 6, Pages 518-526 (2019)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3101-012
Published: Dec 09, 2019 - Copyright © 2019 SISEF

Research Articles

Temperature change is an important environmental variable for global change sciences since it largely affects the physiology of plants in forest ecosystems. Canopy temperature depression (CTD) - the result of the deviation of the air temperature (Ta) from the plant canopy surface temperature (Tc) - varies depending on the meteorological and environmental conditions of the forests. Here, we evaluated the differences in CTD between a rubber plantation (RP) and a tropical rainforest (TR) in Xishuangbanna, southwestern China across the various time series of the period of 2011 to 2015. The mean maximum CTD values at the TR site and the RP site were 2.4°C and 0.6°C at diurnal level, 1.3°C and -0.5°C at monthly level, 0.6°C and -0.8°C at seasonal level and 5.6°C and 0.2°C at yearly time series level, respectively, while they were only significant (p < 0.01) in the diurnal time series. There was a significant (p < 0.01) negative linear relationship between CTD and global radiation (Q) in both sites at diurnal level and a significant (p < 0.05) negative linear relationship in the RP site at monthly time series level. A significant (p < 0.05) positive linear relationship between CTD and precipitation (P) at the RP site was found at diurnal level, as well as a significant (p < 0.01) positive linear relationship in the TR site at monthly time series level. The variation of CTD was critical for these two sites and largely depended on the amount of global radiation and the precipitation, while it will mainly affect the physiological variables. This study may prove useful for assessing the physiological response in terms of high temperature and drought conditions to regional and global change.


Canopy Temperature Depression, Global Radiation, Precipitation, Tropical Rainforest, Rubber Plantation

Authors’ address

Say Tay Zar Myo
Yiping Zhang
Qing-Hai Song
Xuehai Fei 0000-0002-1730-759X
Ruiwu Zhou
Youxing Lin
Liguo Zhou
Peng Zhang
CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun 666303 (China)
Say Tay Zar Myo
Ruiwu Zhou
Youxing Lin
Liguo Zhou
Peng Zhang
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049 (China)
Say Tay Zar Myo
Myanma Timber Enterprise, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, Yangon, 11011 (Myanmar)
Yun Deng
Xishuangbanna Station for Tropical Rainforest Ecosystem Studies, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun 666303 (China)

Corresponding author

Yiping Zhang


Tay Zar Myo S, Zhang Y, Song Q-H, Deng Y, Fei X, Zhou R, Lin Y, Zhou L, Zhang P (2019). Analysis of canopy temperature depression between tropical rainforest and rubber plantation in Southwest China. iForest 12: 518-526. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3101-012

Academic Editor

Claudia Cocozza

Paper history

Received: Mar 18, 2019
Accepted: Sep 10, 2019

First online: Dec 09, 2019
Publication Date: Dec 31, 2019
Publication Time: 3.00 months

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