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Diversity and distribution patterns of medium to large mammals in a silvicultural landscape in south-eastern Brazil

Bruna Manuele Campos   , Jacob Daniel Charters, Luciano Martins Verdade

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 6, Pages 802-808 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2721-011
Published: Dec 14, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles


Agricultural landscapes cover approximately 35% of Brazil and are the second greatest threat to biodiversity worldwide. In Brazil, seven millions hectars of land is covered with Eucalyptus plantations, which is considered to have low conservation value. However, studies have shown that heterogeneous silvicultural landscapes, made up of Eucalyptus matrices and patches dedicated to conservation, are able to support a considerable diversity of wild mammals. This study aims to assess the diversity and distribution patterns of medium-to-large-sized mammals in a silvicultural landscape in Angatuba, São Paulo, Brazil. Nineteen species were detected by camera traps within the study area. Diversity indices did not vary among habitat types (i.e., native vegetation, abandoned pasture and Eucalyptus plantations), suggesting that the species use the landscape as a whole. A relatively diverse range of predator species was found in the area, suggesting that future monitoring programs should focus on predator-prey relationships. A low diversity of frugivores was detected, indicating that management actions should be taken to facilitate their local recovery. Our results stress the fundamental importance of the conservation areas (Permanent Preservation Areas and Legal Reserve) in silvicultural landscapes, as these areas help maintain complexity of the landscape structure.

  Keywords


Agroecosystem, Wildlife Management, Mammals, Eucalyptus, Camera-trapping

Authors’ address

(1)
Bruna Manuele Campos
Jacob Daniel Charters
Luciano Martins Verdade
University of São Paulo, CENA, Isotopic Ecology Laboratory, P.O. Box 96, Piracicaba, SP 13416-000 (Brazil)

Corresponding author

 
Bruna Manuele Campos
brunamanuelecampos@gmail.com

Citation

Campos BM, Charters JD, Verdade LM (2018). Diversity and distribution patterns of medium to large mammals in a silvicultural landscape in south-eastern Brazil. iForest 11: 802-808. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2721-011

Academic Editor

Massimo Faccoli

Paper history

Received: Jan 04, 2018
Accepted: Oct 16, 2018

First online: Dec 14, 2018
Publication Date: Dec 31, 2018
Publication Time: 1.97 months

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