iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Effect of the plantation age on the use of Eucalyptus stands by medium to large-sized wild mammals in south-eastern Brazil

Thiago PC Timo (1)   , Maria Carolina Lyra-Jorge (2), Carla Gheler-Costa (3), Luciano M Verdade (4)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 108-113 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1237-008
Published: Jul 21, 2014 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Research Articles

In São Paulo State, in Southeastern Brazil, the Eucalyptus plantations have been replacing large areas which were formerly occupied by pastures used for livestock production. Such land use change may affect the habitat use by wildlife in these anthropic landscapes. In this region, the commercial Eucalyptus plantations of the paper and cellulose industry usually take from 6 to 7 years to be harvested. During its production cycle, the Eucalyptus stands vary from an open savanna-like environment just after plantation, when plants still resemble bushes, to a forest-like environment with densely distributed 18-meter high trees. Previous studies show that the Eucalyptus plantations in Southeastern Brazil are used by generalist species including medium and large sized mammals. However, the possible influence of such dramatic temporal environmental heterogeneity on the wildlife habitat use in Eucalyptus plantations is still unknown. In this study, which follows a classic stratified design, we evaluate the influence of the Eucalyptus stand age on the local patterns of distribution and abundance of middle to large-sized wild mammals. Our results show an increase not only in their species richness, but also in their frequency of occurrences along the commercial cycle of the Eucalyptus plantations with a steep decline in both before harvest. This pattern may be related to weed control practices which significantly reduce the understory vegetation, in especial at the end of the commercial cycle while preparing for harvest. Future studies should prioritize the possible variation on the trophic structure in the Eucalyptus plantations along commercial cycles as a response of wildlife friendly silvicultural/agricultural management practices.


Forestry, Silvicultural Landscapes, Anthropic Environments, Wildlife, Temporal Heterogeneity

Authors’ address

Thiago PC Timo
Universidade Federal de São Carlos - UFSCar (Brazil)
Maria Carolina Lyra-Jorge
Universidade de Santo Amaro - UNISA (Brazil)
Carla Gheler-Costa
Universidade Sagrado Coração - USC (Brazil)
Luciano M Verdade
Laboratorio de Ecologia Isotópica - CENA, Universidade de São Paulo, Caixa Postal 96, Piracicaba, SP 13416-000 (Brazil)

Corresponding author

Thiago PC Timo


Timo TPC, Lyra-Jorge MC, Gheler-Costa C, Verdade LM (2015). Effect of the plantation age on the use of Eucalyptus stands by medium to large-sized wild mammals in south-eastern Brazil. iForest 8: 108-113. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1237-008

Academic Editor

Gianfranco Minotta

Paper history

Received: Jan 06, 2014
Accepted: May 05, 2014

First online: Jul 21, 2014
Publication Date: Apr 01, 2015
Publication Time: 2.57 months

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