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Plant phenotype affects oviposition behaviour of pine processionary moth and egg survival at the southern edge of its range

Sara Hezil (1)   , Gahdab Chakali (1), Andrea Battisti (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 5, Pages 572-576 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2675-011
Published: Sep 01, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles


Morphological traits of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) needles in native and planted stands at the southern edge of its range influence oviposition behaviour of the pine processionary moth (Thaumetopoea pityocampa). Extreme environmental conditions result in a reduction in needle size of the host plant which corresponds to a lower rate of fecundity in the moth. Our results showed that egg batches were laid closer to the needle buds, especially on native trees with short needles, and this resulted in increased egg mortality. Number of eggs laid by the female moths did not vary between native and planted stands, nor did the number of parasitized eggs of the two common Hymenopteran parasitoids, Baryscapus servadeii and Ooencyrtus pityocampae. The observed differences in egg mortality are likely due to abiotic factors associated with the position of the egg batch on the needles. Thaumetopoea pityocampa eggs require a thermal niche for optimal development, and further measurements are required to determine the thermal threshold of these eggs. Understanding the role of climate in T. pityocampa populations will be an important factor for the survival of the Aleppo pine forests and protecting it from desertification.

  Keywords


Algeria, Egg Parasitoid, Pinus halepensis, Plantation, Thaumetopoea pityocampa

Authors’ address

(1)
Sara Hezil
Gahdab Chakali
École Nationale Supérieure d’Agronomie, El-Harrach, 16200 Alger (Algérie)
(2)
Andrea Battisti
Department DAFNAE-Entomology, University of Padova, Agripolis, I-35020 Legnaro, PD (Italy)

Corresponding author

Citation

Hezil S, Chakali G, Battisti A (2018). Plant phenotype affects oviposition behaviour of pine processionary moth and egg survival at the southern edge of its range. iForest 11: 572-576. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2675-011

Academic Editor

Massimo Faccoli

Paper history

Received: Nov 03, 2017
Accepted: Jul 03, 2018

First online: Sep 01, 2018
Publication Date: Oct 31, 2018
Publication Time: 2.00 months

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