iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


The effect of calcium on the growth of native species in a tropical forest hotspot

Denise Teresinha Gonçalves Bizuti (1)   , José Carlos Casagrande (2), Marcio Roberto Soares (2), Simone Daniela Sartorio (2), Caetano Brugnaro (2), Ricardo Gomes César (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 221-226 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2074-010
Published: Mar 01, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles

Recovering of degraded areas depends not only on the choice of native species to be planted, but also on the requirements of planted seedling species in terms of soil fertility, mainly in tropical areas. This study aims to assess the effects of calcium (Ca) and soil base saturation (V%) on the growth of seedlings of eight tree species native to the Atlantic Forest biome and commonly used in restoration plantings in the study region. Seedlings were grown in a greenhouse over a period of four months in Haplic Arenosol dystric soil with low calcium content and high aluminum saturation, and were subjected to four different treatments: (i) control; (ii) lime addition until V%=40 (V40); (iii) lime addition until V%=70 (V70); (iv) addition of calcium chloride and magnesium until V%=70 (VMg70). On average, seedlings treated only with lime (V40 and V70) gave similar results, showing an increase in both shoot and root dry plant biomass. Different absorption by species belonging to different successional groups were observed. Pioneer and early secondary species showed similar behavior regarding nutrient use efficiency. Seedling fertilization increases the chances of success of restoration plantings in degraded areas by favoring seedling biomass gain and nutrient absorption, and increasing overall V% through lime fertilization. The patterns for pioneer and secondary species found in this study could contribute to decision making in restoration projects and to native seedling production of white-sand forest native species.


Tree Species, Plant Nutrition, Liming, Nutrient Absorption Efficiency, Ecological Restoration

Authors’ address

Denise Teresinha Gonçalves Bizuti
Ricardo Gomes César
Forestry Department, University of São Paulo. Pádua Dias Avenue, 11, ZIP 13418-900, Piracicaba-SP (Brazil)
José Carlos Casagrande
Marcio Roberto Soares
Simone Daniela Sartorio
Caetano Brugnaro
Federal University of São Carlos, UFSCar. Anhaguera Highway, km 174, letter box 153, ZIP 13600-970, Araras-SP (Brazil)

Corresponding author

Denise Teresinha Gonçalves Bizuti


Gonçalves Bizuti DT, Casagrande JC, Soares MR, Sartorio SD, Brugnaro C, Gomes César R (2018). The effect of calcium on the growth of native species in a tropical forest hotspot. iForest 11: 221-226. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2074-010

Academic Editor

Gianfranco Minotta

Paper history

Received: Apr 01, 2016
Accepted: Dec 08, 2017

First online: Mar 01, 2018
Publication Date: Apr 30, 2018
Publication Time: 2.77 months

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