iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Quantitative simulation of C budgets in a forest in Heilongjiang province, China

Bin Wang (1), Mingze Li (1)   , Wenyi Fan (1), Fangmin Zhang (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 128-135 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1918-009
Published: Nov 06, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles

Recently, forest carbon (C) budgets have been significantly affected by climate variability, nitrogen (N) deposition, an increasing global atmospheric CO2 concentration, and disturbances (i.e., harvests, fires, and insect infestations). In this study, we quantitatively simulated the annual carbon balance of forests in Heilongjiang, China, from 1901 to 2013 using the Integrated Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon (InTEC) model, which integrated the effects of nondisturbance (i.e., atmospheric CO2 concentration, N deposition, and climate variability) and disturbance factors. The average net primary production (NPP) of Heilongjiang was 284 g C m-2 a-1 in 1901 and increased in 1950 to 339 g C m-2 a-1; a rapid increase occurred after 1980, with an increase of 48% in 2013 compared with the NPP in 1901. The average NPP of the entire Heilongjiang region increased significantly and became more stable in 2013. However, the NPP in the northern region of the Xiaoxing’an Mountains was lower than that in the other regions. The fluctuation in average net ecosystem production (NEP) was relatively large because Heilongjiang was a carbon source for many years before the 1930s and again in the early 21st century, due to serious disturbances and intensified human activities. In recent years, NEP began to increase again, and in 2013 the forests became a large carbon sink (188 g C m-2 a-1). The spatial distribution of the average NEP was similar to that of NPP, though the largest increment in the average NEP from 1901 to 2013 was in the Changbai Mountains.


InTEC Model, NPP, NEP, C Budgets, Heilongjiang

Authors’ address

Bin Wang
Mingze Li
Wenyi Fan
Department of Forest Management, School of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 150040 (P.R. China)
Fangmin Zhang
Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, College of Applied Meteorology, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210044 (P.R. China)

Corresponding author

Mingze Li


Wang B, Li M, Fan W, Zhang F (2016). Quantitative simulation of C budgets in a forest in Heilongjiang province, China. iForest 10: 128-135. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1918-009

Academic Editor

Chris Eastaugh

Paper history

Received: Nov 15, 2015
Accepted: Aug 22, 2016

First online: Nov 06, 2016
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2017
Publication Time: 2.53 months

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