iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Heavy metal accumulation characteristics of Nepalese alder (Alnus nepalensis) growing in a lead-zinc spoil heap, Yunnan, south-western China

Yuebo Jing (1-2), Hongliang Cui (1), Tao Li (1), Zhiwei Zhao (1)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 204-208 (2014)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1082-007
Published: Feb 27, 2014 - Copyright © 2014 SISEF

Research Articles

A fast-growing alder species native to the eastern Himalayas, Nepalese alder (Alnus nepalensis), has recently received considerable attention in the restoration of contaminated lands due to its significant economic benefits and ecological functions. The bioaccumulation characteristics and phytoremediation potential of naturally regenerated Nepalese alder were evaluated in a lead-zinc spoil heap located in Lancang county, Yunnan province, south-western China. Results showed that bioaccumulation factors (BFs) of A. nepalensis for Zn and Pb were always >1 in slightly contaminated soils (extractable Zn, Pb of 4.2-17.9 and 3.4-13.1 mg kg-1, respectively) and >1 for Cd in contaminated soils (extractable Cd 0.3- 6.8 mg kg-1). By contrast, translocation factors (TFs) for Zn were <1 in all sampling plots, but >1 for Pb in soil slightly contaminated by 13.1 mg kg-1 extractable Pb and >1 for Cd in contaminated soils (extractable Cd 2.6- 6.8 mg kg-1). Significant positive correlations were found between heavy metals (HMs) in roots and extractable HMs in soils (p<0.01) and between HMs in shoots and extractable HMs in soils (p<0.05) except for Cd. Based on the accumulation capacity revealed in this study, we suggest that A.nepalensis is a promising tree species for phytostabilization of zinc and lead in soils slightly contaminated with Zn and Pb and for phytoextraction of cadmium in Cd-polluted soil.


Phytoremediation, Nepalese Alder, Alnus nepalensis, Metal Contamination, Bioaccumulation Factor, Translocation Factor

Authors’ address

Yuebo Jing
Hongliang Cui
Tao Li
Zhiwei Zhao
Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization for Bioresources and Key Laboratory of Microbial Diversity in Southwest China, Ministry of Education, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091 Yunnan (China)
Yuebo Jing
Yunnan Academy of Forestry, Kunming, 650201 Yunnan (China)

Corresponding author



Jing Y, Cui H, Li T, Zhao Z (2014). Heavy metal accumulation characteristics of Nepalese alder (Alnus nepalensis) growing in a lead-zinc spoil heap, Yunnan, south-western China. iForest 7: 204-208. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1082-007

Academic Editor

Elena Paoletti

Paper history

Received: Jul 20, 2013
Accepted: Nov 20, 2013

First online: Feb 27, 2014
Publication Date: Aug 01, 2014
Publication Time: 3.30 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 50623
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 42642
Abstract Page Views: 2381
PDF Downloads: 4480
Citation/Reference Downloads: 32
XML Downloads: 1088

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 3738
Overall contacts: 50623
Avg. contacts per week: 94.80

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Feb 2023)

Total number of cites (since 2014): 7
Average cites per year: 0.70


Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

An LY, Pan YH, Wang ZB, Zhu C (2011)
Heavy metal absorption status of five plant species in monoculture and intercropping. Plant and Soil 345: 237-245.
CrossRef | Gscholar
AOAC (1984)
Official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (14th edn). AOAC, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 344.
Baker AJM (1981)
Accumulators and excluders strategies in the response of plants to heavy metals. Journal of Plant Nutrition 3: 643-654.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Capuana M (2013)
Heavy metals and woody plants - biotechnologies for phytoremediation. iForest 4: 7-15.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Chen SL, Peng SL, Wang ZR (1997)
Structural characteristics of LaoChang Ag-Pb orefield in LanCang, Yunnan. The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals 7: 1-5.
Conesa HM, Faz A, Arnaldos (2006)
Heavy metal accumulation and tolerance in plants from mine tailings of the semiarid Cartagena-La Unión mining district (SE Spain). Science of the Total Environment 366: 1-11.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Gaur A, Adholeya A (2004)
Prospects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. Current Science 86: 528-534.
Online | Gscholar
Grabisu C, Hernandez-Allica J, Barrutia O, Alkorta I, Becerril JM (2002)
Phytoremediation: a technology using green plants to remove contaminants from polluted areas. Reviews on Environmental Health 17: 75-90.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Landberg T, Greger M (1996)
Differences in uptake and tolerance to heavy metals in Salix from unpolluted and polluted areas. Applied Geochemistry 11: 175-180.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lee DB, Nam W, Kwak YS, Cho NH, Lee SS (2009)
Phytoremediation of heavy-metal-contaminated soil in a reclaimed dredging area using Alnus species. Journal of Ecology and Field Biology 32: 267-275.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lorestani B, Cheraghi M, Yousefi N (2011)
Phytoremediation potential of native plants growing on a heavy metals contaminated soil of copper mine in Iran. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 53: 377-382.
Mertens J, Vervaeke P, De Schrijver A, Luyssaert S (2004)
Metal uptake by young trees from dredged brackish sediment: limitations and possibilities for phytoextraction and phytostabilisation. Science of the Total Environment 326: 209-215.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Pulford ID, Watson C (2003)
Phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated land by trees - a review. Environment International 29: 529-540.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Regvar M, Likar M, Piltaver A, Kugonic N, Smith J (2010)
Fungal community structure under goat willows (Salix caprea L.) growing at metal polluted site: the potential of screening in a model phytostabilisation study. Plant and Soil 330: 345-356.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Rosselli W, Keller C, Boschi K (2003)
Phytoextraction capacity of trees growing on a metal contaminated soil. Plant and Soil 256: 265-272.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Salt DE, Smith RD, Raskin I (1998)
Phytoremediation. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 49 (1): 643-668.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sarma H (2011)
Metal hyperaccumulation in plants: a review focusing on phytoremediation technology. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 4 (2): 118-138.
CrossRef | Gscholar
SEPA (1997)
Soil quality-determination of copper, zinc-flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Report GB/T 17138, State Environmental Protection Administration of China, Beijing, China.
Sharma E, Ambasht RS (1984)
Seasonal variation in nitrogen fixation by different ages of root nodules of Alnus nepalensis plantations in the eastern Himalayas. Journal of Applied Ecology 21: 265-270.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Stoltz E, Greger M (2002)
Accumulation properties of As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn by four wetland plant species growing on submerged mine tailings. Environmental and Experimental Botany 47: 271-280.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Suresh B, Ravishankar GA (2004)
Phytoremediation - a novel and promising approach for environmental clean-up. Critical Review in Biotechnology 24: 97-124.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Susarla S, Medina VF, McCutcheon SC (2002)
Phytoremediation: an ecological solution to organic chemical contamination. Ecological Engineering 18: 647-658.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Unterbrunner R, Puschenreiter M, Sommer P, Wieshammer G, Tlustos P, Zupan M, Wenzel WW (2007)
Heavy metal accumulation in trees growing on contaminated sites in central Europe. Environmental Pollution 148: 107-114.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Vogel MK, Drobne D, Regvar M (2005)
Zn, Cd and Pb accumulation and arbuscular mycorrhizal colonisation of penny-cress Thlaspi praecox Wulf. (Brassicaceae) from the vicinity of a lead mine and smelter in Slovenia. Environmental Pollution 133: 233-242.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Yang SX, Liao B, Li JT, Guo T, Shu WS (2010)
Acidification, heavy metal mobility and nutrient accumulation in the soil-plant system of a revegetated acid mine wasteland. Chemosphere 80: 852-859.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Yoon J, Cao XD, Zhou QX, Ma LQ (2006)
Accumulation of Pb, Cu, and Zn in native plants growing on a contaminated Florida site. Science of the Total Environment 368: 456-464.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Zhao FJ, Lombi E, McGrath SP (2003)
Assessing the potential for zinc and cadmium phytoremediation with the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant and Soil 249: 37-43.
CrossRef | Gscholar

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info