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Biodiversity inventory of trees in a neotropical secondary forest after abandonment of shaded coffee plantation

Norberto Emídio Oliveira-Neto (1)   , Diego Raymundo Nascimento (1), Fabrício Alvim Carvalho (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 303-308 (2017)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1901-009
Published: Feb 23, 2017 - Copyright © 2017 SISEF

Short Communications


Tree structure and diversity of a secondary Atlantic Forest resulting from the abandonment (ca. 70 years) of a shaded coffee (Coffea arabica) plantation was studied in southeastern Brazil. All trees with DBH ≥ 5 cm (alive and dead) were measured in 25 plots of 20 × 20 m. Out of the 1926 sampled trees, 1837 were living trees belonging to 116 species. The most important species (importance value - IV) in the community were Euterpe edulis (22.9% - present in all plots) and Piptadenia gonoacantha (16.5%). Euterpe edulis is a typical palm tree of high importance value in mature forests, comprising 41.2% of individuals. The results show a more mature tree community in relation to other secondary forests with the same abandonment period in the region, with high richness and diversity of species, high basal area, and low dead tree density. In addition, several endangered species were recorded with high conservation value for the regional flora. The results also showed many typical characteristics of “novel ecosystems” discussed here in order to value these environments, still neglected due to strong environmental human alterations.

  Keywords


Brazilian Atlantic Forest, Forest Succession, Novel Ecosystem, Agroforestry

Authors’ address

(1)
Norberto Emídio Oliveira-Neto
Diego Raymundo Nascimento
Programa de Pós-graduação em Ecologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Campus Universitário, no number, São Pedro, 36036-900, Juiz de Fora-MG (Brazil)
(2)
Fabrício Alvim Carvalho
Departamento de Bot’nica, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Campus Universitário, no number, São Pedro. 36036-900, Juiz de Fora-MG (Brazil)

Corresponding author

 
Norberto Emídio Oliveira-Neto
norbertoemidio@gmail.com

Citation

Oliveira-Neto NE, Nascimento DR, Carvalho FA (2017). Biodiversity inventory of trees in a neotropical secondary forest after abandonment of shaded coffee plantation. iForest 10: 303-308. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1901-009

Academic Editor

Raffaele Lafortezza

Paper history

Received: Oct 20, 2015
Accepted: Sep 14, 2016

First online: Feb 23, 2017
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2017
Publication Time: 5.40 months

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